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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. CrateDB vs. Derby vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. CrateDB vs. Derby vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSDistributed Date Store based on LuceneFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score4.97
Rank#74  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.68
Rank#107  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comcrate.iodb.apache.org/­derbyneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlcrate.io/­docsdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.CrateApache Software FoundationNeo4j, Inc.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release20042013199720071994
Current release7.2, October 202110.15.2.0, March 20204.4.3, January 202218.1.40, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, ScalaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenoyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Java.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispuser defined functionsJava Stored Proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handleryes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingnoneyes using Neo4j Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCrateDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4jOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphCrateDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4jOracle Berkeley DB
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