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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. CouchDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. CouchDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.34
Rank#150  Overall
#25  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score16.12
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comcouchdb.apache.orgneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2004200520072010
Current release7.0.0, April 20203.1.1, September 20204.3.0, June 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageErlangJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common LispView functions in JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0yes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Neo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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Data-Centric Architecture Forum – DCAF 2021
1 February 2021

Why DTCP Decided to Invest in Neo4j
22 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Recommendations, Shakespeare, Graphyx, Aura Free Tier, Dungeons and Dragons, GraphSAGE, NODES 2021
19 June 2021

Announcing Early Access of Neo4j Aura Free Tier
18 June 2021

Neo4j Raises the Largest Funding Round in Database History
17 June 2021

Introducing Neo4j 4.3: The Fastest Path to Graph Productivity
17 June 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

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More resources
AllegroGraphCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Neo4jOrientDB
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