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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. CouchDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. CouchDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.05
Rank#174  Overall
#30  Document stores
#15  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerElasticOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2004200520102010
Current release7.2.0, October 20213.2.2, April 20227.8.0, June 20203.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common LispView functions in JavaScriptyesJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesES-Hadoop Connectorno infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ElasticsearchOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
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