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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. OrientDB vs. SingleStore vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. OrientDB vs. SingleStore vs. Snowflake

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.48
Rank#140  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score6.66
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.citusdata.comorientdb.orgwww.singlestore.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.citusdata.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.singlestore.comdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSingleStore Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20042010201020132014
Current release7.2, October 20218.1, December 20183.1.9, February 20217.6, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infofree developer edition availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageCJavaC++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux info64 bit version requiredhosted
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java, Javascriptyesuser defined functions
TriggersyesyesHooksnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingShardingSharding infohash partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculationsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableFine grained access control via users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCitusOrientDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLSnowflake
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
SingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
SingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more
News

Authentic Meets Artificial – The New Intelligence – DM Radio Broadcast
13 January 2022

Embedding Gruff In a Web Page
10 January 2022

AllegroGraph Named 2022 “Trend Setter”
3 January 2022

Predictions: Quantum AI, Graph Neural Networks, and Personal Data Pods
16 December 2021

Franz Inc. Announces AllegroGraph Has No Log4j Security Exposure
14 December 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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