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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Cassandra vs. SurrealDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Cassandra vs. SurrealDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.15
Rank#211  Overall
#33  Document stores
#16  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score110.06
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.87
Rank#239  Overall
#35  Document stores
#19  Graph DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comcassandra.apache.orgsurrealdb.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestsurrealdb.com/­docs
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookSurrealDB Ltd
Initial release200420082022
Current release7.3.1, December 20224.1.3, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaRust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solution
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispno
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per objectyes, based on authentication and database rules
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCassandraSurrealDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

AI 100 Top Company – Franz Inc.
17 July 2023

Enterprise Data World Conference 2023
6 July 2023

DBTA 100 Companies that Matter Most in Data
20 June 2023

Franz Inc. Named to KMWorld’s – 100 Companies That Matter in Knowledge Management
15 March 2023

Overlaying of a Knowledge Graph onto a Lakehouse architecture
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Chingari: Empowering Social Media Creators and Viewers with Astra DB
30 August 2023

Keeping the Momentum Rolling with Google Cloud
24 August 2023

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18 August 2023

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCassandra Forward event: Want to level up your Cassandra game? Watch now replays of the March 2023 sessions.
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Aiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphCassandraSurrealDB
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Cassandra Summit 2023
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