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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Cassandra vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Cassandra vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed reliable key-value storeCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeKey-value storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.25
Rank#154  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score119.28
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score10.19
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score8.37
Rank#53  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websiteallegrograph.comcassandra.apache.orgetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
firebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
firebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogle
Initial release200420082017
Current release7.0.0, April 20204.0.1, September 20213.4, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hosted
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnonoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyesyesyes, watching key changesyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCassandraetcdGoogle Cloud Firestore
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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