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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Cassandra vs. CrateDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Cassandra vs. CrateDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed Date Store based on LuceneScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.23
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score119.20
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.91
Rank#182  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.40
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comcassandra.apache.orgcrate.ioneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcrate.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCrateNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release20042008201320072010
Current release7.2, October 20214.0.1, September 20214.3.7, November 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes, but no triggers and constraintsnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnouser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyesnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per objectrights management via user accountsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCassandraCrateDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Franz’s AllegroGraph Name “Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
8 November 2021

AllegroGraph v7.2 – Now Available (GNN, Virtual Graphs, Spark, and Kafka)
25 October 2021

Fuse Graph Neural Networks with Semantic Reasoning to Produce Complimentary Predictions
25 September 2021

Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021

No-Code Queries Can Accelerate AI and Data Analytics
1 September 2021

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Jeremy Grignard, Pegasus, FastRP, and a Brand New Node.js Course on GraphAcademy
27 November 2021

Using a Hybrid Technique to Detect Illicit Activities in Shell Companies
22 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Health Care & Life Sciences Workshop, Cloudflare Workers, Apache Hop, and More
20 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphCassandraCrateDBNeo4jOrientDB
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