DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Derby vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Derby vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.23
Rank#159  Overall
#28  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score3.57
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score5.12
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score57.98
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.64
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comphoenix.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbyneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlphoenix.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software FoundationApache Software FoundationNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release20042014199720072010
Current release7.2, October 20215.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 201910.15.2.0, March 20204.3.7, November 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyesnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
JDBCJDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Java.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispuser defined functionsJava Stored Proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingnoneyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphApache PhoenixDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Franz’s AllegroGraph Name “Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
8 November 2021

AllegroGraph v7.2 – Now Available (GNN, Virtual Graphs, Spark, and Kafka)
25 October 2021

Fuse Graph Neural Networks with Semantic Reasoning to Produce Complimentary Predictions
25 September 2021

Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021

No-Code Queries Can Accelerate AI and Data Analytics
1 September 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Jeremy Grignard, Pegasus, FastRP, and a Brand New Node.js Course on GraphAcademy
27 November 2021

Using a Hybrid Technique to Detect Illicit Activities in Shell Companies
22 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Health Care & Life Sciences Workshop, Cloudflare Workers, Apache Hop, and More
20 November 2021

From Law Enforcement to Graph Technology: An Unlikely Relationship
19 November 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Actioning vs. Decisioning Knowledge Graphs
17 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphApache PhoenixDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloudera's HBase PaaS offering now supports Complex Transactions
11 August 2021,  Krishna Maheshwari (sponsor) 

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Knowledge graph insights from KMWorld Connect 2021
24 November 2021, KMWorld Magazine

Franz’s AllegroGraph Name “Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
9 November 2021, EIN News

AiThority Interview with Dr. Jans Aasman, CEO at Franz
1 July 2021, AiThority

Verint Speakers Explore How AI and Digital-First Engagement are Driving Innovation in the Contact Center
1 November 2021, Business Wire

2022 Trends in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Reasoning Meets Learning
5 November 2021, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
20 July 2018, iProgrammer

Developing Python Applications Against Apache Phoenix (HBase)
30 September 2016, DZone News

Apache Calcite, FreeMarker, Gora, Phoenix, and Solr updated
27 March 2017, SDTimes.com

HPE gobbles up Ampool to add SQL grunt to Ezmeral
9 July 2021, The Register

The Apache Software Foundation Announces the 10th Anniversary of Apache® HBase
13 May 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

JDBC tutorial: Easy installation and setup with Apache Derby
20 December 2019, TheServerSide.com

Six free databases with commercial-quality features
8 March 2018, Network World

JDBC in Java: 5 facts to know before you begin
30 May 2019, TheServerSide.com

How-to: Use the New Apache Oozie Database Migration Tool
12 November 2016, DZone News

The Ultimate Open Source Database List Profiling 16 Software Tools
30 May 2019, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

Graph database company Neo4j launches free fully-managed cloud service
3 November 2021, VentureBeat

Neo4j Will Use Funds to Expand Managed Cloud Database
9 November 2021, DevOps.com

Neo4j Delivers 417% ROI in 2021 Total Economic Impact Study
18 November 2021, PRNewswire

Google's Ex-CFO Joins Board of $2bn Database Startup Neo4j
9 November 2021, Business Insider

Neo4j AuraDB Free is Now Available in Asia Pacific
15 November 2021, Data & Storage Asean

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Research Report by Type, by Components, by Application, by Deployment, by Industry,
12 November 2021, Benzinga

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2021
12 August 2021, Solutions Review

Neo4j's $325 million venture suggests databases are cool again
22 June 2021, TechRepublic

Introducing the Neo4j to OrientDB Importer
2 February 2017, DZone News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Modeling and Simulation / MBSE Systems Engineer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Data Scientist with Java & Python Exp
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Sales Engineer/Senior Sales Engineer (West)
TigerGraph, Washington State

OpDB & HBase Field Specialist
Cloudera, New York, NY

Solutions Architect
Cloudera, New York, NY

Senior Solutions Architect
Cloudera, Newark, NJ

Senior Solutions Consultant
Cloudera, Illinois

Solutions Architect - Federal
Cloudera, Virginia

Data Engineer
Tampa Bay Rays, Saint Petersburg, FL

People Operations Manager
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

Data Scientist I - 64036
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Data Scientist I
UST Global, Woodland Hills, CA

Interdisciplinary (Data Research Analyst)
US National Science Foundation, Alexandria, VA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here