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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Apache Druid vs. OrientDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Apache Druid vs. OrientDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.42
Rank#163  Overall
#30  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score2.22
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score4.57
Rank#84  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Score5.95
Rank#71  Overall
#13  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#38  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websiteallegrograph.comdruid.apache.orgorientdb.orgvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software Foundation and contributorsOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPOpenLink Software
Initial release2004201220101998
Current release7.2.0, October 202124.0.1, November 20223.1.9, February 20217.2.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL for queryingSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common LispnoJava, Javascriptyes infoVirtuoso PL
TriggersyesnoHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMulti-source replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphApache DruidOrientDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

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26 September 2022

Dr. Jans Aasman, Named Keynote Speaker for SEMANTiCS Conference 2022
15 September 2022

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More resources
AllegroGraphApache DruidOrientDBVirtuoso
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