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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. Elasticsearch vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. Elasticsearch vs. MariaDB vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud Table Store  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA fully managed Wide Column Store for large quantities of semi-structured data with real-time accessA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelWide column storeSearch engineRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.38
Rank#251  Overall
#12  Wide column stores
Score154.71
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score96.79
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.04
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­table-storewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27278.htmwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAlibabaElasticMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.
Initial release20162010200920092019
Current release7.8.0, June 202010.5.10, May 20214.4.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScript
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectornoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infooptionalyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights based on subaccounts and tokensfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud Table StoreElasticsearchMariaDBMongoDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
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MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
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MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
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Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
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Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
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MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
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Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
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Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
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Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
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Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
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MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
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125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
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At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Alibaba Cloud Table StoreElasticsearchMariaDBMongoDBNebula Graph
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