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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. CockroachDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. CockroachDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud Table Store  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA fully managed Wide Column Store for large quantities of semi-structured data with real-time accessCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSSearch engineDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.38
Rank#251  Overall
#12  Wide column stores
Score6.67
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score154.71
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.04
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­table-storewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27278.htmwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperAlibabaCockroach LabsElasticMongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.
Initial release20162015201020092019
Current release21.1.2, June 20217.8.0, June 20204.4.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freedynamic schemaschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesJavaScript
Triggersnonoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication using RAFTyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACIDnoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptionalyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights based on subaccounts and tokensRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud Table StoreCockroachDBElasticsearchMongoDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Elasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
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Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Open source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
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Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
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Enterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
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Key customersComcast, SpaceX, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Kindred,...
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Thousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
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Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 900+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 2K+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Public as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
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125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
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At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
The Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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