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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud Table Store  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA fully managed Wide Column Store for large quantities of semi-structured data with real-time accessHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.40
Rank#251  Overall
#12  Wide column stores
Score77.63
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score19.96
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.41
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­table-storeaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27278.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaAmazonGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20162012201220171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release14.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIRESTful HTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonolimited functionality with using 'rules'nouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infoby integration with AWS LambdaCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionyesACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights based on subaccounts and tokensAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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