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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud Table Store vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Spanner

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud Table Store  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA fully managed Wide Column Store for large quantities of semi-structured data with real-time accessHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.41
Rank#251  Overall
#12  Wide column stores
Score76.99
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score5.12
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score20.06
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.55
Rank#94  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­table-storeaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdb.apache.org/­derbyfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27278.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaAmazonApache Software FoundationGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Google
Initial release20162012199720122017
Current release10.15.2.0, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIRESTful HTTP APIJDBCAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'no
Triggersnoyes infoby integration with AWS LambdayesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDyesACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights based on subaccounts and tokensAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud Table StoreAmazon DynamoDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud Spanner
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