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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud TSDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA stable, reliable, and cost-effective online high-performance time series database serviceMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.33
Rank#264  Overall
#19  Time Series DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.96
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hitsdbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­55652.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAlibabaMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTimescale
Initial release19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201914.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++CC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsHTTP RESTADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess managed on TSDB instance levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud TSDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosDevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsWith over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud TSDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLTimescaleDB
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