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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud TSDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA stable, reliable, and cost-effective online high-performance time series database serviceAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.33
Rank#264  Overall
#19  Time Series DBMS
Score4.43
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.96
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hitsdbcloud.google.com/­datastorewww.postgresql.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­55652.htmcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAlibabaGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTimescale
Initial release20081989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2017
Current release14.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyes, details hereyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (GQL)yes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsHTTP RESTgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnousing Google App Engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
TriggersnoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using PaxosSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess managed on TSDB instance levelAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud TSDBGoogle Cloud DatastorePostgreSQLTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosDevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsWith over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud TSDBGoogle Cloud DatastorePostgreSQLTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

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