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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. CockroachDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. CockroachDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud TSDB  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA stable, reliable, and cost-effective online high-performance time series database serviceCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.31
Rank#268  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score4.22
Rank#82  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hitsdbwww.cockroachlabs.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­55652.htmwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.stardog.comdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAlibabaCockroach LabsMicrosoftStardog-UnionTimescale
Initial release2015198920102017
Current release21.1.2, June 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoC++JavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freedynamic schemayesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyesyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsHTTP RESTJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javauser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnonoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess managed on TSDB instance levelRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud TSDBCockroachDBMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud TSDBCockroachDBMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTimescaleDB
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