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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. CockroachDB vs. CrateDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. CockroachDB vs. CrateDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud TSDB  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA stable, reliable, and cost-effective online high-performance time series database serviceCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Distributed Date Store based on LuceneMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.31
Rank#268  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score6.97
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.22
Rank#82  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hitsdbwww.cockroachlabs.comcrate.iowww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­55652.htmwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docscrate.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAlibabaCockroach LabsCrateMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release2015201319892017
Current release21.1.2, June 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freedynamic schemaFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyesyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes, but no triggers and constraintsyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsHTTP RESTJDBCADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess managed on TSDB instance levelRole-based access controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud TSDBCockroachDBCrateDBMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metrics6.7K+ long-running clusters 2.2K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 10.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud TSDBCockroachDBCrateDBMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
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