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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. Cassandra vs. Hazelcast vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud TSDB vs. Cassandra vs. Hazelcast vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud TSDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA stable, reliable, and cost-effective online high-performance time series database serviceWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA widely adopted in-memory data gridCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSWide column storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.10
Rank#366  Overall
#35  Time Series DBMS
Score118.12
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score9.60
Rank#50  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score19.70
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hitsdbcassandra.apache.orghazelcast.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­55652.htmcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookHazelcastMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release200820082005
Current release4.0.7, October 20225.2.1, November 202211.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateNumeric data and Stringsyesyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query languageFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsHTTP RESTProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersnoyesyes infoEventsyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardinghorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoReplicated MapMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesno infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess managed on TSDB instance levelAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud TSDBCassandraHazelcastVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more
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