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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud PolarDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud PolarDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.76
Rank#215  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Score2.77
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score44.12
Rank#23  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­en/­polardb/­product-overviewcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperAlibabaGoogleSAP
Initial release20172010
Current release2.0 SPS07 (AprilĀ 4, 2023), April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhostedAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud PolarDBGoogle Cloud SpannerSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsPolarDB, previously ApsaraDB for PolarDB, is a cloud-native relational database designed...
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Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
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Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud PolarDBGoogle Cloud SpannerSAP HANA
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