DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. PostgreSQL vs. Yandex Database (YDB)
System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. PostgreSQL vs. Yandex Database (YDB)
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Yandex Database (YDB) Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||MaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousing||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS a graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tables||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Alibaba||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Yandex|
|Initial release||2016||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2019|
|Current release||14.5, August 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source BSD||Open Source Apache 2.0; commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||SQL-like query language||yes standard with numerous extensions||SQL-like query language (YQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||Fluentd|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)|
|Supported programming languages||Java||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions in Java||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding Implicit feature of the cloud service||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes Implicit feature of the cloud service||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Active-passive shard replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users and roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights defined for Yandex Cloud users|
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|3rd parties||CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7! |
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|Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute||PostgreSQL||Yandex Database (YDB)|
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