DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. MySQL vs. Virtuoso
System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. MySQL vs. Virtuoso
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Virtuoso Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||MaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousing||Widely used open source RDBMS||Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS a graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tables||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Document store|
Native XML DBMS
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Alibaba||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||OpenLink Software|
|Current release||8.0.29, April 2022||7.2.7, May 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source GPLv2, extended commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C and C++||C|
|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||yes SQL - Standard relational schema |
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||SQL-like query language||yes with proprietary extensions||yes SQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX|
|APIs and other access methods||Fluentd|
Proprietary native API
Jena RDF API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages||Java||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions in Java||yes proprietary syntax||yes Virtuoso PL|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding Implicit feature of the cloud service||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||yes|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes Implicit feature of the cloud service||Multi-source replication|
|Chain, star, and bi-directional replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no||yes|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users and roles||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Fine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute||MySQL||Virtuoso|
|Specific characteristics||Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...|
|Competitive advantages||Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...|
|Typical application scenarios||Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...|
|Key customers||Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...|
|Market metrics||Largest installed-base of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...|
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|Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute||MySQL||Virtuoso|
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