DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. Yaacomo
System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. Yaacomo
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Yaacomo Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||MaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousing||Widely used open source RDBMS||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||OpenCL based in-memory RDBMS, designed for efficiently utilizing the hardware via parallel computing|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS a graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tables||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store||Document store|
|Developer||Alibaba||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Q2WEB GmbH|
|Initial release||2016||1995||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2009|
|Current release||5.7.32 , October 2020||13.1, November 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.||ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C|
|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||SQL-like query language||yes with proprietary extensions||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||Fluentd|
Proprietary native API
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||Java||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions in Java||yes proprietary syntax||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding Implicit feature of the cloud service||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||horizontal partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes Implicit feature of the cloud service||Multi-source replication|
|Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Source-replica replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users and roles||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|3rd parties||General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.|
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|Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute||MySQL||PostgreSQL||Yaacomo|
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