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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.46
Rank#221  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score527.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.05
Rank#119  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201619951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2016
Current release8.0.20, 202012.3, May 20204.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC and C++CGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javayes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeMySQLPostgreSQLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeMySQLPostgreSQLTiDB
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