DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J vs. TiDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingMicrosofts relational DBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.74
Rank#196  Overall
#98  Relational DBMS
Score1015.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.50
Rank#232  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score2.08
Rank#115  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrdf4j.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverrdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAlibabaMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2016198920042016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.10 , January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++JavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesno
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeMicrosoft SQL ServerRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Announcing the TiDB Hacking Camp
5 March 2021

tidb-lite: A go-sqlmock Alternative for Easily Unit Testing Golang Database-Related Code
4 March 2021

TiGraph: 8,700x Computing Performance Achieved by Combining Graphs + the RDBMS Syntax
23 February 2021

How to Efficiently Choose the Right Database for Your Applications
16 February 2021

TiDB on JD Cloud: A Cloud-native Distributed Database Service
9 February 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeMicrosoft SQL ServerRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Alibaba Cloud Unveils 'Magic' Behind the World's Largest Online Shopping Festival
19 November 2020, PRNewswire

Alibaba Cloud achieves 'record' in big data performance
29 October 2019, DataCenterNews North America

Two in Five Fortune 500 Companies Choose Alibaba Cloud
2 July 2020, Business Wire

Alibaba supports Singles Day with cloud computing, 3D models
19 November 2020, Chain Store Age

Alibaba Cloud To Launch Big Data Service in Europe
15 June 2017, Alizila

provided by Google News

DH2i and Microsoft to Present, "Paving the Way to SQL Server HA on Linux in Azure"
4 March 2021, WFMZ Allentown

Budgeting for SQL server downtime risk
5 March 2021, ITProPortal

Global SQL Server Performance Monitoring Tools and Software Market Future Aspect Analysis 2021-2026 | Solarwinds, Idera, Lepide, Heroix Longitude, SQL Power Tools – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 March 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

dbForge Studio for SQL Server: Grand Update for DevOps Automation Features
27 February 2021, IT News Online

Exclusive Report: What's New in SQL Server Monitoring Tools Market for 2021 – Solarwinds, Idera, Lepide, Heroix Longitude, SQL Power Tools – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 March 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PR Newswire UK

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

PingCAP launches TiDB Cloud, a fully-managed database as a service offering - Help Net Security
25 June 2020, Help Net Security

PingCAP raises $270M to develop core technologies and advance global expansion of its offerings - Help Net Security
18 November 2020, Help Net Security

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Apps DBA I (Mid-Level)
National General Insurance, Alice, TX

SQL Server DBA
Pinnacle Group, High Point, NC

SQL Server Applications DBA I/II
National General Insurance, Atlanta, GA

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

SQL Server Database Administrator
North Carolina Department of Information Technology, Raleigh, NC

Platform Product Manager, Cash App
Cash App, San Francisco, CA

Principal/Distinguished Software Engineer - Database
ServiceNow, San Diego, CA

Senior Software Engineer (Cloud Database Infra), Cash App
Cash App, New York, NY

Database Administrator
Backblaze, San Mateo, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here