DB-EngineseXtremeDB: 5 9's high availability databaseEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMS infoexperimental
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.53
Rank#223  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Score31.67
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1264.25
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score4.16
Rank#80  Overall
#14  Document stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputeazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.orgravendb.net
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerHibernating Rhinos
Initial release2016201419951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2010
Current release8.0.21, 202013.0, September 20204.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
RavenDB Cloud: Deploy a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes on AWS, Azure, and GCP. Enjoy a globally distributed cluster with enterprise-grade security and reduce cloud storage costs by 50% with Native data compression.
Implementation languageC and C++CC#
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
TriggersnoJavaScriptyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linq
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundle
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMySQLPostgreSQLRavenDB
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more
2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMySQLPostgreSQLRavenDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Alibaba Cloud achieves 'record' in big data performance
29 October 2019, DataCenterNews North America

Alibaba Cloud Claims New Global Record in Big Data, Decision Support
30 October 2019, CDOTrends

China Tech Digest: NIO Aims To Buy Back 8.6% Stake In NIO China
19 September 2020, China Money Network

Alibaba Cloud achieves world record in big data performance and decision support
23 October 2019, CRN.in

Two in Five Fortune 500 Companies Choose Alibaba Cloud
2 July 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

COVID-19 Update: Global NoSQL Software Market is Expected to Grow at a Healthy CAGR with Top players: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, etc. | InForGrowth
25 September 2020, Crypto Daily

Microsoft Announces a New Pricing Model Option for Azure Cosmos DB and More Capabilities
3 June 2020, InfoQ.com

The top Azure announcements from Microsoft Ignite 2020 - Cloud
22 September 2020, CRN Australia

Top Announcements From Microsoft Ignite 2020 Conference
25 September 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Microsoft to introduce a free tier of its Cosmos DB NoSQL database
5 March 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Oracle Introduces the MySQL Database Service on Its Cloud Infrastructure
10 September 2020, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud SQL Supports MySQL 8.0
9 September 2020, InfoQ.com

Hasura raises $25 million Series B and adds MySQL support to its GraphQL service
8 September 2020, TechCrunch

Hasura Introduces GraphQL Support for MySQL and SQL Server
15 September 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Hasura raises USD25 million Series B and adds MySQL support to its GraphQL service
9 September 2020, United News of India

provided by Google News

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 13
24 September 2020, PRNewswire

How Can PostgreSQL, The Most Advanced Open Source Relational Database, Benefit Your Company?
8 September 2020, DC Velocity

PostgreSQL 13 Released: Performance Gains, Space Savings, Enhanced Security, Developer Experience
24 September 2020, PR Web

Crunchy PostgreSQL for Kubernetes Now Available Through Red Hat Marketplace
8 September 2020, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL 13 Released With Performance Improvements
24 September 2020, Phoronix

provided by Google News

Interview with RavenDB Founder Oren Eini
31 August 2020, InfoQ.com

RavenDB 5 Improves Distributed Time-Series, Document Compression, and Indexing
3 August 2020, InfoQ.com

RavenDB Adds Time Series Query Support
16 July 2020, iProgrammer

Review: NoSQL database RavenDB
20 March 2019, TechGenix

Get To Know: Oren Eini, CEO, RavenDB
22 October 2019, Intelligent CIO ME

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Azure Cosmos DB-Lead
Wipro LTD, Chevy Chase, MD

Azure architect
Digital Dhara, Omaha, NE

Azure Cloud Engineer with IOT experience
Volto Consulting, Seattle, WA

Support Engineer
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Azure Data Engineer
Digital Dhara, Bentonville, AR

Identity and Access Management Analyst- Opportunity for Working Remotely Palo Alto, CA
VMware, Palo Alto, CA

Bioinformatics Scientist
Agilent Technologies, Inc., Santa Clara, CA

Onsite Positions
Lumium, Sunnyvale, CA

Biostatistician
Stanford University, Stanford, CA

Annotations Scientist
23andMe, Sunnyvale, CA

Service Delivery Manager
Percona, Remote

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

GIS Analyst
City of Casa Grande, Casa Grande, AZ

Software Generalist – Fullstack
Burstorm, San Carlos, CA

PostgreSQL Developer (Only W2)
Sage IT, Remote

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

.NET Software Developer
EventBooking, Knoxville, TN

ASP.NET Web Developer
XCentium, United States

Full Stack Software Developer
EventBooking, Knoxville, TN

.NET API Software Developer
EventBooking, Knoxville, TN

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here