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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Hive vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Hive vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.35
Rank#224  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score77.90
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score16.28
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputehive.apache.orgspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homespark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookApache Software Foundation
Initial release201620122014
Current release2.3.0, July 2017v2.4.2, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScala
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Java
PHP
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesno

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