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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.38
Rank#222  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score83.10
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score30.87
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release201620122014
Current release2.3.6, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScript
TriggersnonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeHiveMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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