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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Access vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Access vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.64
Rank#211  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Score69.55
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score118.25
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score2.47
Rank#114  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputehive.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesspingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2016201219922016
Current release3.1.2, August 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20194.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersnonoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factornoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeHiveMicrosoft AccessTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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