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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Grakn vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Grakn vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.46
Rank#221  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#206  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#99  Relational DBMS
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score527.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputegrakn.aiwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdev.grakn.ai/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperAlibabaGrakn LabsOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2016201619951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1.8.0, June 20208.0.20, 202012.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javanoyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeGraknMySQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 3/3
26 June 2020

Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 2/3
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Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 1/3
26 June 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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