DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesWide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.46
Rank#221  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score3.16
Rank#90  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score527.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperAlibabaGoogleOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2016201519951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.0.20, 202012.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javanoyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic single-row operationsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more
CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeGoogle Cloud BigtableMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Two in Five Fortune 500 Companies Choose Alibaba Cloud
2 July 2020, Business Wire

Big Data Processing Services Comparison: Alibaba Cloud, AWS, Google Cloud, IBM, Microsoft - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
26 June 2020, Wire19

Alibaba Cloud achieves 'record' in big data performance
29 October 2019, DataCenterNews North America

Alibaba Cloud Claims New Global Record in Big Data, Decision Support
30 October 2019, CDOTrends

Alibaba Cloud Achieves World Record in Big Data Performance and Decision Support
21 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Google Cloud and Telefónica partner on cloud region and 5G
11 June 2020, Capacity Media

Google plans Spanish cloud region, Telefónica partnership
12 June 2020, DatacenterDynamics

Google Cloud Launches Region in Market with 'Great Potential to Grow'
24 June 2020, Channel Futures

Google Cloud goes live in Indonesia, launches landmark Jakarta region
24 June 2020, Channel Asia Singapore

Google to pump $2bn on data centre in Poland - report
25 June 2020, Data Economy

provided by Google News

MySQL drops master-slave and blacklist-whitelist terminology
6 July 2020, ZDNet

ScaleGrid DigitalOcean Support for MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis™ Now Available
9 June 2020, PRNewswire

ScaleGrid now supports MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis solutions on DigitalOcean
10 June 2020, Help Net Security

AWS RDS on Outposts goes GA
6 July 2020, ZDNet

An example hibernate.cfg.xml for MySQL 8 and Hibernate 5
27 May 2020, TheServerSide.com

provided by Google News

Understanding autovacuum in Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL environments
6 July 2020, idk.dev

Bitnine Looks to Scale PostgreSQL
30 June 2020, Datanami

Taking a practical approach to open source PostgreSQL
24 June 2020, TechTarget

EnterpriseDB Rebrands to EDB; Continues to Lead in the PostgreSQL Movement
23 June 2020, Business Wire

ScaleGrid DigitalOcean Support for MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis™ Now Available
9 June 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Google Cloud PlatformArchitect
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Teaneck, NJ

Google Cloud Data Engineer
Caserta, New York, NY

NYA - Data & Analytics (DA)
Daugherty Business Solutions, Franklin Lakes, NJ

MSP - Data & Analytics (DA)
Daugherty Business Solutions, Bloomington, MN

Senior Software Engineer
Twitter, San Francisco, CA

Entry Level Data Analyst
Hopjump, Boston, MA

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Kernersville, NC

Jr. Web Developer
Rabb Consulting, Remote

PHP/MySQL Developers
Webmasters.com, Tampa, FL

Linux Administrator
HOSTCOPPER, Remote

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Geospatial LDP Intern
Travelers, Hartford, CT

PostgreSQL DBA
Navisite, Warrendale, PA

PostgreSQL DBA
Navisite, Andover, MA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here