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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Google BigQuery vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Google BigQuery vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.88
Rank#187  Overall
#90  Relational DBMS
Score43.79
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score3.64
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score79.72
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputecloud.google.com/­bigquerycloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperAlibabaGoogleGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2016201020152010
Current releaseV12
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnononoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javauser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoTransact SQL
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeGoogle BigQueryGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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