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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesWide column storeWide column storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.88
Rank#187  Overall
#90  Relational DBMS
Score119.28
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.64
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2016200820152016
Current release4.0.1, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyes
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavanonoTransact SQL
Triggersnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeCassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeCassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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