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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Apache Drill vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Apache Drill vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesDocument store
Relational DBMS
Wide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.88
Rank#187  Overall
#90  Relational DBMS
Score2.49
Rank#111  Overall
#19  Document stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score3.64
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputedrill.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdrill.apache.org/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software FoundationGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2016201220152014
Current release1.19.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnononoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesJavaC++C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javauser defined functionsnoJavaScript
TriggersnononoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoAtomic single-row operationsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noDepending on the underlying data sourceno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeApache DrillGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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