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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Apache Drill vs. BigchainDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Apache Drill vs. BigchainDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document storeWide column storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.77
Rank#196  Overall
#94  Relational DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#105  Overall
#19  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#193  Overall
#30  Document stores
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputedrill.apache.orgwww.bigchaindb.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdrill.apache.org/­docsbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software FoundationGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20162012201620151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1.19.0, June 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoAGPL v3commercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnononoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC++Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javauser defined functionsnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factorInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesDepending on the underlying data sourceyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noDepending on the underlying data sourcenono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesDepending on the underlying data sourceyesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeApache DrillBigchainDBGoogle Cloud BigtablePostgreSQL
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