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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Drizzle vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Drizzle vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.53
Rank#223  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score1264.25
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputeaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperAlibabaAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Drizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20162012200819951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.2.4, September 20128.0.21, 202013.0, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++C and C++C
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnorestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C++
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javauser defined functions infoin Pythonnoyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud MaxComputeAmazon RedshiftDrizzleMySQLPostgreSQL
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