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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Hive vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Hive vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#211  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score85.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbhive.apache.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.1.2, August 201913.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBHivePostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
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Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
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Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
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Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
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More resources
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