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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.A distributed reliable key-value storeA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.52
Rank#237  Overall
#113  Relational DBMS
Score10.88
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
cloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
cloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAlibabaGoogleMicrosoftSybase, SAP
Initial release201720161993
Current release3.4, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoTransact SQLyes
Triggersyesyes, watching key changesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBetcdGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
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Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
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Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
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Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
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More resources
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBetcdGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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