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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. NSDb vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. NSDb vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.66
Rank#216  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score4.27
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbcloud.google.com/­bigtablensdb.iowww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsnsdb.io/­Architecturewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201520171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release14.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBGoogle Cloud BigtableNSDbPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
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Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
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Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
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More resources
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBGoogle Cloud BigtableNSDbPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
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Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

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