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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. LevelDB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. LevelDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string values
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.63
Rank#216  Overall
#105  Relational DBMS
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbcloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­google/­leveldb
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.md
DeveloperAlibabaDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogleGoogle
Initial release200820172011
Current release7.2.4, September 20121.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
C
C++
Java
PHP
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonono
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.nono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBDrizzleGoogle Cloud SpannerLevelDB
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
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Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
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Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
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Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBDrizzleGoogle Cloud SpannerLevelDB
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