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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Drizzle vs. Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Drizzle vs. Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Spanner

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.35
Rank#288  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score144.93
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score4.46
Rank#87  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchcloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerElasticGoogle
Initial release200820102017
Current release7.2.4, September 20127.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesno
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBDrizzleElasticsearchGoogle Cloud Spanner
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
» more
Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
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Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
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Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBDrizzleElasticsearchGoogle Cloud Spanner
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