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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.64
Rank#215  Overall
#105  Relational DBMS
Score119.20
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score8.64
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbcassandra.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogle
Initial release20082017
Current release4.0.1, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyesyesyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBCassandraGoogle Cloud Firestore
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
» more
Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBCassandraGoogle Cloud Firestore
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