DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Axibase vs. Cassandra vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Axibase vs. Cassandra vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonAxibase  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.Scalable TimeSeries DBMS based on HBase with integrated rule engine and visualizationWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed reliable key-value storeCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSWide column storeKey-value storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.63
Rank#216  Overall
#105  Relational DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#272  Overall
#22  Time Series DBMS
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score8.92
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbaxibase.com/­products/­axibase-time-series-databasecassandra.apache.orgetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
firebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmgithub.com/­axibase/­atsdcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
firebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperAlibabaAxibase CorporationApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogle
Initial release201320082017
Current release155854.0.1, September 20213.4, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoCommunity Edition (single node) is free, Enterprise Edition (distributed) is paidOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaGo
Server operating systemshostedLinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoshort, integer, long, float, double, decimal, stringyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Proprietary protocol (Network API)
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
Go
Java
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnonoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyesyesyesyes, watching key changesyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replicationselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesnoUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBAxibaseCassandraetcdGoogle Cloud Firestore
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
» more
Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBAxibaseCassandraetcdGoogle Cloud Firestore
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Top Cloud Providers: Alibaba Cloud vs. AWS
6 October 2021, IT Business Edge

An introduction to Alibaba cloud offerings
28 September 2020, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Time Series Intelligence Software Market Worth Observing Massive Growth: Anodot Ltd., Axibase Corporation, Datapred SA, Microsoft Corporation, Seeq Corporation – Discovery Sports Media
18 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

provided by Google News

Five risks of moving your database to the cloud
25 January 2022, MIT Technology Review

Cloud Database Demand Spurs 198% Growth for ScyllaDB
25 January 2022, GlobeNewswire

NoSQL Databases | When to Use NoSQL vs SQL
19 January 2022, Server Watch

NoSQL Databases are the Problem, Not the Solution
3 January 2022, Walter Bradley Center for Natural and Artificial Intelligence

DataStax gRPC API for Cassandra Boosts Multi-Cloud, Microservices App Performance
14 January 2022, Integration Developers

provided by Google News

All about performance: etcd 3.5 looks to make Kubernetes users happy • DEVCLASS
17 June 2021, DevClass

How to restore a Kubernetes cluster from an etcd snapshot
16 December 2021, TechTarget

How to invest in silver with minimal hassle and diversify your portfolio
14 January 2022, Mint

Kubernetes Secrets and ConfigMaps
25 January 2022, hackernoon.com

etcd: the Not-so-Secret Sauce in Google's Kubernetes and Pivotal's Cloud Foundry
16 July 2014, Data Center Knowledge

provided by Google News

SD Times news digest: Google adds Firebase extension for Google Pay; Facebook develops self-supervised algorithm; AppFire acquires Numbered Headings
21 January 2022, SDTimes.com

Google Prediction Framework addresses data pipeline drudgery
5 January 2022, InfoWorld

Google Announces Framework For Data Science Predictions
13 January 2022, iProgrammer

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administration Professional
Fiserv, Inc., Short Hills, NJ

Database Engineer, Cassandra
Blizzard Entertainment, Irvine, CA

Cassandra and/or Cockroach - DBA
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Wilmington, DE

Database Reliability Engineer - Oracle and No-SQL
Qualys, Foster City, CA

Cassandra Database Engineer
CyberCore Technologies, Annapolis Junction, MD

Software Development Engineer, EKS , EKS Scalability
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

MTS 1, Software Engineer
PayPal, Austin, TX

Software Engineer
Braintree, San Francisco, CA

Agriculture and Education Coordinator - Chugiak, Alaska - Native Village of Eklutna
Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Chugiak, AK

Platform Engineer – SysAdmin
Grant Street Group, Remote

Cloud Applications Engineer (Node.ts) (Open to Remote)
Designer Brands (DSW, Camuto Group), Columbus, OH

Google Principal System Architect
DXC Technology, Las Vegas, NV

Full-Stack Engineer
ManageXR, San Francisco, CA

Manager, Technology
Disney Parks, Experiences and Products, Glendale, CA

Senior Software Engineer
FloSports, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here