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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.Native multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#211  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Score4.79
Rank#75  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbwww.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAlibabaArangoDB Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.7.9, March 202113.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBArangoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
» more
One Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
» more
Consolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Native multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
» more
Very permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
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