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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.A RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRDF storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.35
Rank#269  Overall
#125  Relational DBMS
Score3.00
Rank#105  Overall
#4  RDF stores
Score0.25
Rank#283  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score5.96
Rank#73  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#39  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlgithub.com/­hugegraphvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlhugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-docdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperAlibabaApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsBaiduOpenLink Software
Initial release200020181998
Current release4.5.0, May 20220.97.2.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Unix
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoRDF Schemasyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Fuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJava
Python
JavaGroovy
Java
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesasynchronous Gremlin script jobsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonovia hugegraph-sparkyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoedges in graphyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control via Jena SecurityUsers, roles and permissionsFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBApache Jena - TDBHugeGraphVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBApache Jena - TDBHugeGraphVirtuoso
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