DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. XTDB
System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. XTDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL former name was HybridDB Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||XTDB formerly named Crux Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||An online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on Greenplum||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
|Developer||Alibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development Group||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Juxt Ltd.|
|Initial release||2016||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2019|
|Current release||16.0, September 2023||1.19, September 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source BSD||Open Source MIT License|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.|
|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes, extensible-data-notation format|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes standard with numerous extensions||limited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding Implicit feature of the cloud service||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes Implicit feature of the cloud service||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||yes, each node contains all data|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for PostgreSQL and many other database management systems.|
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
Redgate webinars: A series of key topics for new PostgreSQL users.
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Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
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|Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL former name was HybridDB||PostgreSQL||XTDB formerly named Crux|
|DB-Engines blog posts|
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|Conferences and events|
PostgreSQL 101: An introduction to Multi-Version Concurrency Control and Vacuum
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