DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. searchxml
System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. searchxml
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL former name was HybridDB Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||searchxml Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||An online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on Greenplum||Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||DBMS for structured and unstructured content wrapped with an application server|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Native XML DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Alibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development Group||Microsoft||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||informationpartners gmbh|
|Initial release||2016||2016||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2015|
|Current release||13.3, May 2021||1.0|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||hosted||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes||yes standard with numerous extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|RESTful HTTP API|
|Supported programming languages||C|
|C++ most other programming languages supported via APIs|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||Transact SQL||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||yes on the application server|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding Implicit feature of the cloud service||Sharding, horizontal partitioning||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes Implicit feature of the cloud service||yes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||yes sychronisation to multiple collections|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/synapse-analytics/sql-data-warehouse/sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID||multiple readers, single writer|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Domain, group and role-based access control at the document level and for application services|
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|Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL former name was HybridDB||Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse||PostgreSQL||searchxml|
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