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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic vs. Nebula Graph vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic vs. Nebula Graph vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.56
Rank#223  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
Score2.79
Rank#105  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score11.10
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score0.73
Rank#200  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
Score6.22
Rank#61  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.marklogic.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.marklogic.comdocs.nebula-graph.iohelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogleMarkLogic Corp.Vesoft Inc.SAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20162017200120191992
Current release9.0, 201717, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infoSQL92SQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes, with Range Indexesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerMarkLogicNebula GraphSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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