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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.59
Rank#215  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score2.74
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score10.07
Rank#42  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score32.97
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.marklogic.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.marklogic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogleMarkLogic Corp.Microsoft
Initial release2016201720012014
Current release9.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infoSQL92SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScript
TriggersyesnoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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