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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.39
Rank#227  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.43
Rank#82  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.33
Rank#241  Overall
#114  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#151  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlcloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webraima.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.raima.comwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogleChris DavisRaima Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20162017200619842010
Current release14.16.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonCJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Unix
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possibleno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesnonoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphiteRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphiteRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaStardog
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