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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. PostgreSQL vs. Raima Database Manager

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. PostgreSQL vs. Raima Database Manager

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.34
Rank#236  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Score1.98
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.44
Rank#83  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score513.92
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.32
Rank#240  Overall
#113  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlcloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.postgresql.orgraima.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsdocs.raima.com
DeveloperAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupGoogleChris DavisPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerRaima Inc.
Initial release2016201720061989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1984
Current release12.2, February 202014.1
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonCC
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Unix
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possible
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specification
Triggersyesnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphitePostgreSQLRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista
News

Intelligence of Things with Raima at MWC Barcelona and Embedded World 2020
11 February 2020

Raima comes to FreeRTOS
19 July 2019

NO OS Support, New Geospatial Query Types and Optimization
24 April 2019

Raima Database Manager subsea in Aker Solutions’ Vectus™ 6.0 control system
9 April 2019

Raima Releases RDM v14.1 embedded database with support for VxWorks and Wind River Linux
12 April 2018

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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